Indigenous Peoples

Leeson, Michael A. History of Montana. 1739-1885. A History of Its Discovery and Settlement, Social and Commercial Progress, Mines and Miners, Agriculture and Stock-Growing, Churches, Schools and Societies, Indians... Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885.

Spence, Mark. "Crown of the Continent, Backbone of the World: The American Wilderness Ideal and Blackfeet Exclusion from Glacier National Park." Environmental History 1.3 (July 1996): 29-49.

Stanford, Dennis J., and Jane S. Day, eds. Ice Age Hunters of the Rockies. Denver: Denver Museum of Natural History, 1992.

Wright, Gary A. People of the High Country: Jackson Hole Before the Settlers. New York: P. Lang, 1984.


Boag, Peter G. "Overlanders and the Sanke River Region: A Case Study of Popular Landscape Perception in the Early West." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 84 (October 1993): 122-129.

DeSanto, Jerry. "Foundation for a Park: Explorer and Geologist Bailey Willis in the Area of Glacier National Park." Forest and Conservation History 39, no. 3 (July 1995).

James, Edwin. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, Under the Command of Major Stephen H. Long, from the Notes of Major Long... Barre, MA:

Imprint Society, 1972.

James, George Wharton. Utah, the Land of Blossoming Valleys; the Story of Its Desert Wastes, of Its Huge and Fantastic Rock Formations, and of Its Fertile Gardens in the Sheltered Valleys;... Boston: The Page Company, 1922.

Powell, John Wesley. The Exploration of the Colorado River and Its Canyons. Edited with an introduction by Wallace Stegner, 1987.

Ronda, James P. "Before Covered Wagons: The Early Years of the Oregon Trail." Idaho Yesterdays 37 (Fall 1993): 5-15.

Rotella, Carlo. "Travels in a Subjective West: The Letters of Edwin James and Major Stephen Long's Scientific Expedition, 1819-1820." Montana the Magazine of Western History 41 (Autumn 1991).

Flora and Fauna

"Tree Giants of North America." National Geographic 191.1 (Jan. 1997): 44-62.

Barnes, Claude T. The Natural History of a Wasatch Autumn. Salt Lake City: Ralton Co., 1958.

Bass, Rick. The Book of Yaak. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.

Blumm, Michael C. "The Amphibious Salmon: The Evolution of the Ecosystem Management in the Columbia River Basin." Ecology Law Quarterly 24.4 (Nov. 1997): 653-76.

Boswell, Sharon A., Lorelea Hudson, and Nancy F. Renk. Volume 1: Historic Overview of the Kootenai National Forest. Edited by Christian J. Miss. Seattle, WA: Northwest Archaeological Associates, Inc., 1994.

Chadwick, Douglas H. "Sagebrush Country: America's Outback." National Geographic 175, no. 1 (January 1989): 52-80.

Chapple, Steve. "The Yellowstone: The Last Best River." National Geographic 191.4 (April 1997): 56-78.

Davis, Sarah Ann, et al. The Mojave of the Colorado. Sausalito, CA: Pages of History, 1960.

Emmons, David M. "The Price of `Freedom': Montana in the Late and Post-Anaconda Era." Montana 44 (Autumn 1994): 66-73.

Haines, Francis. The Buffalo: The Story of American Bison and Their Hunters from Prehistoric Times to the Present. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

Hansen, Kathy, William Wyckoff, and Jeff Banfield. "Shifting Forests: Historical Grazing and Forest Invasion in Southwestern Montana." Forest and Conservation History 39, no. 2 (April 1995).

Hodgson, Bryan, and Jose Azel. "Grand Teton." National Geographic 187, no. 2 (February 1995): 116-141.

Houghton, Samuel G. A Trace of Desert Waters: The Great Basin Story. Salt Lake City, UT: Howe Brothers Publishers, 1986.

Jeffrey, David. "Yellowstone: The Great Fires of 1988." National Geographic 175, no. 2 (February 1989): 252-277.

Johnston, Jeremy. "Preserving the Beasts of Waste and Desolation: Theodore Roosevelt and Predator Control in Yellowstone National Park." George Wright Forum 15 (No. 4, 1998): 19-26.

Kendall, Katherine C., and Jennifer M. Asebrook. "The War Against Blister rust in Yellowstone National Park, 1945-1978." George Wright Forum (No. 4, 1998): 36-49.

Knight, Dennis H. Mountains and Plains: The Ecology of Wyoming Landscapes. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

Meagher, Mary, and Douglas B. Houston. Yellowstone and the Biology of Time: Photographs Across a Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

Mighetto, Lisa. Saving the Salmon: A History of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Efforts to Protect Anadromous Fish on the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Seattle, WA: Historical Research Associates, Inc., 1994.

Petersen, David. Ghost Grizzlies. New York: H. Holt, 1995.

Pyne, Stephen J. How the Canyon Became Grand: A Short History. New York: Viking, 1998.

Quammen, David. "Island of the Bears (Grizzly Bears of Yellowstone National Park)." Audubon 97, no. 2 (March/April 1995): 82-90.

Reilly, P.T. "The Lost World of Glen Canyon." Utah Historical Quarterly 63 (Spring 1995): 122-134.

Sorensen, Victor. "The Wasters and Destroyers: Community-sponsored Predator Control in Early Utah Territory." Utah Historical Quarterly 62 (Winter 1994): 26-41.

Wassink, Jan L. Mammals of the Central Rockies. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co., 1993.


"Montana Farmers, Ranchers Surveyed." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 47, no. 1 (January/February 1992).

Abercrombie, Thomas J. "Wide Open Wyoming." National Geographic 183, no. 1 (January 1993): 2-52.

Alexander, Thomas G. "Stewardship and Enterprise: The LDS Church and the Wasatch Oasis Environment, 1847-1930." Western Historical Quarterly 25 (Autumn 1994): 341-364.

Brossard, Edgar Bernard. Some Types of Irrigation Farming in Utah. Logan, UT: Utah Agricultural College Experiment Station, 1920.

Buffum, Burt C. The Use of Water in Irrigation in Wyoming and Its Relation to the Ownership and Distribution of the Natural Supply. Washington, DC: Govt. Print. Off., 1900.

Cook, C. Wayne, and Edward F. Redente. "Development of the Ranching Industry in Colorado." Rangelands 15 (October 1993): 204-207.

Kendrick, Gregory D., ed. Beyond the Wasatch: The History of Irrigation in the Uinta Basin and Upper Provo River Area of Utah. Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 1989.

Mackey, Mike. "Wyoming Stock Growers and the Taylor Grazing Act." Journal of the West 35.3 (July 1996) 18-26.

McDermott, John D. "No Small Potatoes: Problems of food and Health at Fort Laramie, 1849-1859." Nebraska History 79 (Winter 1998): 162-70.

Valentine, Rodney J. "Pioneer Settlers' Abuse of Land Laws in the Nineteenth Century: The Case of the Boise River Valley, Idaho." Agricultural History 67 (Summer 1993): 47-65.


Davis, Joseph A. "The Wasting of Nevada: Yucca Mountain as a Repository for High-Level Nuclear Waste." Sierra 73, no. 4 (July/August 1988).

Fabry, Judith. "Enlightened Selfishness: Great Falls and the Sun River Project." Montana 44 (Winer 1994): 14-27.

Farmer, Jared. Glen Canyon Dammed: Inventing Lake Powell and the Canyon Country. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1999.

Harvey, Mark W.T. "Battle for Dinosaur: Echo Park Dam and the Birth of the Modern Wilderness Movement." Montana 45 (Winter 1995): 32-45.

Harvey, Mark W.T. A Symbol of Wilderness: Echo Park and the American Conservation Movement. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.

Petersen, Keith C. River of Life, Channel of Death: Fish and Dams on the Lower Snake. Lewiston, ID: Confluence Press, 1995.

Saunders, Richard. "`Rags! Rags!! Rags!!!': Beginnings of the Paper industry in the Salt lake Valley, 1849-58." Utah Historical Quarterly 62 (Winter 1994): 42-52.

Silversides, C. Ross. Broadaxe to Flying Shear: The Mechanization of Forest Harvesting East of the Rockies. Ottawa: National Museum of Science and Technology, 1997.

Smith, Duane A. Rocky Mountain Mining Camps: The Urban Frontier. Bloomington: Indiana University press, 1967.

Smith, Karen L. The Magnificent Experiment: Building the Salt River Reclamation Project, 1890-1917. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986.

Smith, Kenneth L. Sawmill: The Story of Cutting the Last Great Virgin Forest East of the Rockies. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1986.

Unsworth, Michael E. "Floating Vengeance: The World War II Japanese Balloon Attack on Colorado." Colorado Heritage (Autumn 1993): 22-35.

Vilander, Barbara. Hoover Dam: The Photographs of Ben Glaha. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1999.

White, Richard. The Organic Machine. New York: Hill and Wang, 1995.

Wolfe, Bertram, and Luther J. Carter. "Yucca Mountain." Environment 39.7 (Sept. 1997): 4-7.

Zontek, Ken. "Idaho Big-Game Management and Harvesting During the Great Depression." Idaho Yesterdays 42 (Spring 1998): 3-13.


Aldrich, John K. Ghosts of Park County: A Guide to the Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of Park County, Colorado. Lakewood, CO: Centennial Graphics, 1984.

Amundson, Michael A. "Home on the Range No More: The Boom and Bust of a Wyoming Uranium Mining Town, 1957-1988." Western Historical Quarterly 26, no. 4 (Winter 1995): 483-506.

Freeman, Harry Campbell. A Brief History of Butte, Montana, the World's Greatest Mining Camp; Including a Story of the Extraction and Treatment of Ores from Its Gigantic Copper Properties... Chicago: H.O. Shepard Co., Printers, 1900.

Murphy, Mary. Mining Cultures: Men, Women, and Leisure in Butte, 1914-1941. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Scamehorn, H. Lee. Albert Eugene Reynolds: Colorado's Mining King. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

Stiller, David. Wounding the West: Montana, Mining, and the Environment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Trexler, Harrison A. Flour and Wheat in the Montana Gold Camps, 1862-1870. Missoula, MT: Dunstan Printing and Stationery, 1918.

Turnipseed, Donna. "Skim Digging for Dignity: A Look at Placer Mining in Idaho county During the Great Depression." Idaho Yesterdays 42 (Spring 1998): 18-24.

Wells, Merle W. Gold Camps & Silver Cities: Nineteenth Century Mining in Central and Southern Idaho. Moscow, Idaho: Idaho Dept. of Lands, Bureau of Mines and Geology, 1983.

Zhu, Liping. A Chinaman's Chance: The Chinese on the Rocky Mountain Mining Frontier. Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1997.


Cannon, Brian Q. Remaking the Agrarian Dream: New Deal Rural Resettlement in the Mountain West. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996.

Cohen, Michael P. A Garden of Bristlecones: Tales of Change in the Great Basin. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1998.

Pritchard, James. "Charles C. Adams and Early Ecological Rationales for Yellowstone National Park, 1916-1941." George Wright Forum 15 (No. 4, 1998): 27-35.

Rothman, Hal K. "'Powder Aplenty for Native and Guest Alike': Steamboat Springs, Corporate Control, and the Changing Meaning of Home." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 48 (Winter 1998): 2-17.

Wyckoff, William. Creating Colorado: The Making of a Western American Landscape, 1860-1940. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.

Chase, Alston. Playing God in Yellowstone. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986.

Farmer, Jared. "Undiscovered to Undiscoverable: Gregory Natural Bridge." Utah Historical Quarterly 63 (Spring 1995): 100-121.

Ficken, Robert E. Rufus Woods, the Columbia River, and the Building of Modern Washington. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1995.

Harvey, Mark W.T. A Symbol of Wilderness: Echo Park and the American Conservation Movement. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.

Lang, William L. Stories From an Open Country: Essays on the Yellowstone River Valley. Billings, MT: Western Heritage Press, 1995.

McCarthy, George Michael. Hour of Trial: The Conservation Conflict in Colorado and the West, 1891-1907, 1977.

Mehls, Steven F. The New Empire of the Rockies: A History of Northeast Colorado, Cultural Resources Series, no. 16. Denver, CO: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, 1984.

Robbins, Jim. Last Refuge: The Environmental Showdown in Yellowstone and the American West. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1993.

Robertson, Janet. The Magnificent Mountain Women: Adventures in the Colorado Rockies. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Rothman, Hal K., ed. `I'll Never Fight with My Bare Hands Again': Recollections of the First Forest Rangers of the Inland Northwest. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1994.

Shirk, David Lawson. The Cattle Drives of David Shirk from Texas to the Idaho Mines, 1871 and 1873: Reminiscences... Portland, OR: Champoeg Press, 1956.

Spude, Robert L. "Looking Back at "The Rush to the Rockies": Preserving Four 1860s Gold

Webster, Donovan. "Utah: Land of Promise, Kingdom of Stone." National Geographic 189.1 (Jan. 1996): 48-78.

Wheeler, Ray. "Two Weeks to Wander: Walking Alone from Desert Badlands to Frost-Shattered Summits, a Hiker Finds Otherworldly Rewards--and Disturbing Signs of Change--in Southern Utah." Sierra 75, no. 1 (January/February 1990): 32-43.

Wright, John B. Rocky Mountain Divide: Selling & Saving the West. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.